Senin, 28 Maret 2011

ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION


 
General Function:
To persuade the reader or listener that something is in the case


General Structure:
Thesis – Argument Points – Reiteration
-    Thesis                            : Introduces the topic and indicates writer position.
-    Argument point             : The argument and elaboration.
-    Reiteration                    : Restates the writer position.


Significant Grammatical Features:
a.            Use of general nouns, abstract noun, technical verbs, relating verbs, action verbs, thinking verbs, modal verbs, and modal adverbs.
b.            Use of connectives
c.            Evaluative language
d.            Passive voices


Example:

Circuses Should Not Use Animals

Animals should not be used in circuses. The environment where they perform and their living conditions are usually inappropriate with them.
            Animals used in the circuses do not perform their natural environment. Tigers, for example, which naturally in wilderness and their preys, must perform trick on a narrow stage’s and spend their lifetime in small cage.
            Besides, the living conditions of the animals are poor. They live in such cramped conditions most of their time. They actually need plenty space to roam. They also do not have freedom to live with their own kind.
            Therefore, in the 21st century, it seems unnecessary and even cruel to confine wild animals and train them to do tricks for the public’s amusement.




Question:

1.    What is the text about?
A.   The narrow stage of circuses
B.   The public amusement of circuses
C.   The use of animal in circuses
D.   Animals and their environment
E.   The living conditions of animal

2.    The author’s purpose in writing the text is ______.
A.   To describe the animal used in circus performance
B.   To describe how the animals perform tricks on the stage
C.   To entertain the readers with the story of animal performance
D.   To persuade the readers that animals should not be used in circuses
E.   To show the pros and the cons of the subject matter

3.    Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?
A.   Tigers are naturally lived in cages.
B.   Animals used in circuses lose their freedom to roam.
C.   Animals used in circuses find their prey on the stage.
D.   Animals in circuses must perform tricks on the stage.
E.   Animals feel happy with their new environment on the stage.

4.    After reading the passage, we can conclude that the writer ______.
A.   Takes no side towards the subject matter
B.   Agree with the use of animals in circuses.
C.   Recommend the use of animals in circuses
D.   Suggest the readers to use animals in circuses
E.   Takes an opposing side of the use of animals on stage


5.    The generic structure of the text is?
A.   Thesis – argument points – reiteration
B.   Thesis – argument – events
C.   Orientation – events – twist
D.   Orientation – complication – resolution
E.   Orientation – events – reorientation

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